Birda Logo
Species Guide

Japanese Reed Bunting

Emberiza yessoensis

The Ochre-rumped bunting, Emberiza yessoensis, also known as the Japanese reed bunting, is a small passerine bird adorned with a distinctive ochre hue on its rump. This species, first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1863, measures approximately 15 cm in length and is noted for its rich coloration among reed buntings, particularly its pinkish legs and bill during the winter months.

Identification Tips

The male Ochre-rumped bunting can be identified by its dark back and chestnut upperparts, with a pattern of black and buff stripes on the breast and sides. The nape is brown, while the sides of the neck are whitish. The female is characterized by a buffy submoustachial and throat, with black malar stripes and a dark brown crown streaked with pale. Juveniles display a pale greyish-brown central crown stripe and a yellowish-brown rump. The call of this bird is a distinctive 'sur-swee-ik' or 'tik'.


The Ochre-rumped bunting is typically found in open fields near water, where it can take advantage of the temperate grassland and swamp environments.


This species inhabits regions across Manchuria, Korea, and Japan. It is a migratory bird, with some populations breeding in eastern Mongolia, northeast China, and Ussuriland, and wintering in east China, Japan, and Korea.


The Ochre-rumped bunting's behavior in the wild, particularly regarding its migratory patterns and social interactions, is a subject of interest for birdwatchers and ornithologists alike.


Information on the breeding habits of the Ochre-rumped bunting, including its nesting preferences and reproductive cycle, would be of great value to observers.

Similar Species

The Ochre-rumped bunting is closely related to the common reed bunting and the Pallas's reed bunting. These relatives are sometimes classified in the genus Schoeniclus and may share similar habitats and physical characteristics.

Diet and Feeding

As a member of the Emberizidae family, the Ochre-rumped bunting is likely to have a diet consisting primarily of seeds, which it forages from its grassland and swamp habitats.

Conservation status

The Ochre-rumped bunting is currently classified as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. The primary threat facing this species is habitat loss, which poses a significant challenge to its survival.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Japanese Reed Buntings on Birda

A map showing the sighting location
Profile picture for Grigory Evtukh
Grigory Evtukh
19 Aug 2015 - 12:00am

More Buntings

A photo of a Yellow-breasted Bunting (Emberiza aureola) , male

Yellow-breasted Bunting

Emberiza aureola
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Makes you want to spot birds more
I think this app is fun. It makes you want to spot birds more so I guess in a way it encourages you to get out and about instead of sitting in front of the TV.
Great app for learning Birds
I’ve been using the app for a couple of months and love it....Someone said it’s like a real life Pokémon Go for birds. They’re not far off! It’s something that the family can do that gets you out and about. Well worth downloading no matter your age.
Really useful
Downloaded to give it a try, everything worked perfectly, recorded my first bird watching walk. Very impressed. Have already recommended to friends!
Ideal Birdwatch Companion
Simply adds to the enjoyment of my birdwatching and helps me record what I’ve seen.
Paul F
Very good database
Highly recommend. It great that this app shows you male Vs female variations when posting. Very good database I'm really impressed.
Birda fan
I really enjoy using Birda, all sightings are recorded and photos can be added. There are monthly challenges which help to get you out to record your sightings. The Birda community are great and are happy to help with unidentified bird sightings. Suitable for all ages and experience!
Talli A
My favourite app
As a young birdwatcher who was always keen to be apart of a community but never seemed to find one, my problem was solved downloading this!!! Everyone is so friendly and just as excited to see birds as me 😁
Patricia L
Very encouraging birding app
Easy to use, fun to see progress and encouraging to receive feedback from other users.
Such a great app!
I didn’t think I could enjoy birding more but this app makes it so much better. Some great features and a really great way to share your sightings with your friends or fellow birders nearby or around the world! ❤️
Awesome App
I really enjoy using this app! It is such a friendly community of bird-lovers who are happy to help if I need ID advice. It’s been great motivation to get outdoors and go birding more! 10/10 😍😍
As featured in
Birda Logo
AboutPressAmbassadorsAffiliatesInfluencersCareersPrivacyTerms & Conditions
An app for birdwatchers
Connect with us
Copyright © 2024 Chirp Birding. All rights reserved.