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Maui-nui Akialoa

Akialoa lanaiensis

Maui Nui, a term coined by modern geologists, refers to both a prehistoric Hawaiian island and a contemporary biogeographic region. This region encompasses the islands of Maui, Moloka'i, Lāna'i, and Kaho'olawe, which together form Maui County, with a small portion of Moloka'i designated as Kalawao County. The islands share a common ecological heritage, with plant and animal life that is similar across the four islands, a legacy of their shared past as a single landmass.

Identification Tips

While Maui Nui itself is not a bird species, the region is home to a variety of avian fauna. Identification of birds within this region would focus on species that are endemic to the Maui Nui complex, many of which exhibit similar characteristics due to their shared evolutionary history.


The habitat of Maui Nui's bird species varies across the four islands, ranging from tropical rainforests to arid coastal areas. The diverse ecosystems have supported a range of avian life adapted to these environments.


The bird species of Maui Nui are distributed across the four islands that once comprised the larger prehistoric island. Some species are found on multiple islands, while others may be restricted to a single island within the complex.


The behaviour of Maui Nui's birds is as varied as the species themselves, with some exhibiting territoriality, others engaging in complex mating displays, and many adapting unique foraging strategies to their specific island habitats.

Song & Calls

Each bird species within the Maui Nui region has its own distinct song and call, used for communication, mating, and territorial defense. These vocalizations are an essential aspect of their identification and study.


Breeding behaviors and strategies of Maui Nui's birds are diverse, with some species known for elaborate courtship rituals and others for their intricate nest-building.

Similar Species

Within the Maui Nui complex, there are several bird species that may be similar in appearance but can be distinguished by subtle differences in plumage, size, or song.

Diet and Feeding

The birds of Maui Nui have evolved to exploit a variety of food sources available on the islands, from nectar and insects to seeds and fruits, each species has its own dietary preferences and feeding techniques.

Conservation status

Many of the bird species within the Maui Nui region are of conservation concern, with some having declined significantly or become extinct due to habitat loss, introduced predators, and other human impacts. Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect and preserve the unique avian biodiversity of this region.

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Acanthis cabaret
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