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A photo of a Bimaculated Lark (Melanocorypha bimaculata)
Bimaculated Lark

Bimaculated Lark

Melanocorypha bimaculata

The bimaculated lark, a robust avian species, measures between 16 to 18 centimeters in length. Its plumage is rather inconspicuous when it is on the ground, with a predominant streaked grey above and a white underbelly. The bird's name is derived from the two distinctive small black patches located on the sides of its breast.

Identification Tips

When observing the bimaculated lark, look for its white supercilium, which stands out against its otherwise muted tones. In flight, its short broad wings, which appear grey-brown from below, and a short tail with a white tip—but not white edges—can be seen. These features help distinguish it from its more westerly relative, the calandra lark.


This species favors stony semi-desert environments and areas of higher altitude cultivation, where it can be found foraging and nesting on the ground.


The bimaculated lark's range extends from west-central Turkey through to southern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, north-eastern Iran, and northern Afghanistan. Its presence is also noted in northern Israel, Lebanon, western Syria, and northern Iraq. Predominantly migratory, it winters in northeast Africa and can be found throughout the greater Middle East to Pakistan, India, and Tibet. It is an exceptionally rare visitor to western Europe.


Outside the breeding season, the bimaculated lark is known for its gregarious nature, often forming flocks. Its nest is a simple ground construction, where it lays 3 to 4 eggs.

Song & Calls

The bird's vocalizations can be described as a harder version of the calandra lark's song, a series of melodious and fluting notes.

Diet and Feeding

The diet of the bimaculated lark consists of seeds and insects, with the latter being particularly important during the breeding season to support its young.

Conservation status

The bimaculated lark is currently classified as Least Concern by the IUCN, indicating that, at present, there are no immediate threats to its population numbers that would warrant a higher level of concern.

Bimaculated Lark Sounds

Recorded by: © 
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Bimaculated Larks on Birda

A map showing the sighting location
Profile picture for Paul Kinnock
Paul Kinnock
29 Sep 2023 - 7:07am
United Arab Emirates

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