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Species Guide

Biak Scrubfowl

Megapodius geelvinkianus

The Biak scrubfowl, also known as the Biak megapode (Megapodius geelvinkianus), is a bird cloaked in dark grey plumage, stretching to a length of 36 cm (14 inches). It sports a subtle crest and its face is tinged with shades of red or blue. The legs of this bird are either a striking red or a dark grey, adding to its distinctive appearance.


This bird finds solace in the subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and shrublands. It thrives in the lush greenery where the climate is humid, yet it faces the looming threat of habitat loss.


The Biak scrubfowl is an endemic species, with its presence confined to the islands of Biak, Mios Korwar, Numfor, Manim, and Mios Num within the West Papua region of Indonesia.

Conservation status

The current conservation status of the Biak scrubfowl is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN. This status reflects the concerns regarding its limited range and the ongoing degradation of its natural habitat.

Similar Species

Taxonomic debates have swirled around the Biak scrubfowl, with some experts suggesting it may be a subspecies of the dusky megapode or the orange-footed scrubfowl. However, the prevailing view is increasingly recognizing it as a distinct species in its own right.

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