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A photo of a Black-naped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus melanospilus), male
Black-naped Fruit Dove, Male

Black-naped Fruit Dove

Ptilinopus melanospilus

The Black-naped Fruit Dove, also known as the Black-headed Fruit Dove, is a medium-sized bird, measuring up to 24 cm in length. The male is adorned with a pale grey head, a distinctive black nape, and a vibrant yellow throat. Its undertail coverts are a striking golden yellow and pink. In contrast, the female and young birds display an entirely green plumage, blending seamlessly with the foliage.

Identification Tips

To identify the male Black-naped Fruit Dove, look for its grey head and the black patch on the nape. The yellow throat is another key feature. Females and juveniles can be more challenging to distinguish but are notable for their uniform green coloration.


This species thrives in the lowland and hill forests, where it finds the dense canopy to be an ideal environment.


The Black-naped Fruit Dove is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Within Indonesia, it can be found across Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, and Sulawesi.

Diet and Feeding

The diet of the Black-naped Fruit Dove primarily consists of a variety of fruits, with a particular fondness for figs and berries.


The female typically lays a single white egg, a precious investment in the next generation.

Conservation status

The Black-naped Fruit Dove is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List, indicating a stable population across its widespread range.

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Black-naped Fruit Doves on Birda

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Akharachai Rojbundit
04 Jun 2023 - 9:03am

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