Birda Logo
loading...
A photo of a Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii)
Nilgiri Wood Pigeon

Nilgiri Wood Pigeon

Columba elphinstonii

The Nilgiri wood pigeon, Columba elphinstonii, presents itself as a large pigeon, cloaked in dark grey plumage. A striking feature is the checkerboard pattern adorning its nape, composed of white-tipped stiff feathers. The mantle boasts a rich chestnut hue, distinguishing it from its kin. Males exhibit a paler grey crown, while females have a darker grey crown complemented by a pale throat. The feet and base of the bill are a vivid red, adding a splash of color to this otherwise somberly dressed bird.

Identification Tips

When observing these birds, look for the unique black and white pattern on the back of the neck and the chestnut mantle. The underwing coverts are darker than those of the similar mountain imperial pigeon. The red feet and bill base are also key identifiers.

Distribution

This species graces the Western Ghats and the Nilgiri Hills with its presence. While it predominantly resides in the hills, it occasionally ventures to lower elevations within the Western Ghats. Isolated populations can be found in the high-elevation hills of the peninsula, such as the Biligirirangan and Nandi Hills near Bangalore.

Behaviour

The Nilgiri wood pigeon is often seen alone, in pairs, or small groups. It is an arboreal feeder, preferring the canopy of dense hill forests, but it will descend to the ground to forage on fallen fruits. It is known to consume small snails and invertebrates, supplementing its mainly frugivorous diet. The breeding season spans from March to July, during which a single white egg is laid on a flimsy twig platform. The species is instrumental in seed dispersal for many forest trees, particularly favoring fruit from the Lauraceae family.

Song & Calls

The call of the Nilgiri wood pigeon is a distinctive, low-frequency hooting "who," followed by a series of deep "who-who-who" notes, reminiscent of the calls of langurs.

Conservation status

The Nilgiri wood pigeon is currently classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Its survival is of concern, and conservation efforts are necessary to ensure its continued presence in our world's rich tapestry of avian life.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Nilgiri Wood Pigeons on Birda

Sightings
A map showing the sighting location
Profile picture for George Gay
George Gay
24 Jan 2023 - 1:30am
India

More Pigeons, Doves

Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Safira V
Birding and wellbeing app
Birda is an excellent platform to share your love of Birding and is a great tool of encouragement for a Birding Beginner like me. Birda has a very kind and supportive community of Birding enthusiasts. For me BIRDA is not only a BIRDING but also a WELLBEING App.
Sacha0508
Simply fantastic
I love this app, it puts so much fun into recording the birds I’ve seen and heard while I’m out and about. The interface is user-friendly and suitable for all ages. It’s great to collect badges and to review my “lists”.
JCBirding
Just what birding needs
We need more fun in birding, for years it has had a reputation for being up tight and stuffy and only perused by retirees and anoraks. Birda helps change that perception and firmly brings birding into the 21st century! Fun, interactive while still contributing to science and conservation. If you aren’t on it, why not??
Nicole
Gets me outdoors more
I'm still loving this app. I use it most days & gets me outdoors more. Enjoying watching others progress and photo's, it's improved my wellbeing.... I love this app! I can keep a record of sightings and see what others have seen too.
Tralisalandhoop
Fantastic app - Love it!
Love this app and have used it almost daily. Lots of species information and easy to use. Love seeing birds spotted by other users in the UK and worldwide.
Trevarthen1
Birda fan
I really enjoy using Birda, all sightings are recorded and photos can be added. There are monthly challenges which help to get you out to record your sightings. The Birda community are great and are happy to help with unidentified bird sightings. Suitable for all ages and experience!
Birdafan
Ideal Birdwatch Companion
Simply adds to the enjoyment of my birdwatching and helps me record what I’ve seen.
Emma L
App got me interested in birding!
Super friendly community <3 This app got me interested in birding! It teaches me cool stuff and its super friendly, and fun :) The species guide is really developing my knowledge, and i love seeing cool new birds from round the world!
Dan R
Great app for bird fanatics
Great app for bird fanatics - very user friendly and a perfect place to share sightings.
Madstherangers
A mordern game changer
Birda is an awesome app, its updated the world of birding to the modern day with a fun and easy to use app. It’s engaging and allows positive interaction with fellow bird lovers!
As featured in
Connect with nature,
Find your flock
Download Birda - QR Code
© 2024 All rights reserved