Birda Logo
Species Guide

Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon

Columba torringtoniae

The Sri Lanka wood pigeon, known scientifically as Columba torringtoniae, is a pigeon species that is a unique and endemic resident of the mountainous regions of Sri Lanka. Measuring 36 cm in length, this bird presents a striking appearance with its dark grey upperparts and tail, while the head and underparts exhibit a delicate lilac hue, fading to a paler shade on the belly. A distinctive black-and-white chessboard pattern adorns the nape, setting it apart from other species.

Identification Tips

When attempting to identify the Sri Lanka wood pigeon, look for its dark grey back and tail, contrasted by the lilac-colored head and underparts. The belly is notably paler, and the nape features a notable black-and-white pattern reminiscent of a chessboard. These characteristics are key to distinguishing it from other pigeons.


This species has a strong preference for damp evergreen woodlands, particularly in the central highlands of Sri Lanka, where it is most commonly found.


The Sri Lanka wood pigeon is confined to Sri Lanka, where it is an endemic species, meaning it is not naturally found anywhere else in the world.


In flight, the Sri Lanka wood pigeon exhibits the typical quick beats interspersed with occasional sharp flicks of the wings that are characteristic of pigeons. While generally silent, during the breeding season, it may emit an owl-like 'hoo' call.

Song & Calls

Outside of the breeding season, the Sri Lanka wood pigeon is usually silent. However, when it does vocalize, it produces a distinctive 'hoo' call that can be likened to the sound of an owl.


The breeding habits of the Sri Lanka wood pigeon involve constructing a stick nest within the trees of its evergreen woodland habitat. In this nest, the pigeon lays a single white egg.

Similar Species

There are no similar species mentioned for comparison.

Diet and Feeding

The diet of the Sri Lanka wood pigeon is primarily vegetable matter.

Conservation status

The IUCN Red List has classified the Sri Lanka wood pigeon as Vulnerable, indicating that it faces a high risk of endangerment in the wild.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Sri Lanka Wood Pigeons on Birda

A map showing the sighting location
Thomas Cole
12 Apr 2014 - 5:30am
Sri Lanka

More Pigeons, Doves

A photo of a Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica)

Nicobar Pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Jane N
A great app
Enjoying it immensely and finding it useful too. Recording the different birds and counting them is showing me how the present climate is affecting them all. I've trebled the numbers by planting native hedging. A great app.
We've been waiting for an App like this
Excellent! We've been waiting for an app like this! Thank you! It would be nice if you could assign additional birds to sessions later!
Makes you want to spot birds more
I think this app is fun. It makes you want to spot birds more so I guess in a way it encourages you to get out and about instead of sitting in front of the TV.
Louise L
Easy to use and accurate
Love this app. It is easy to use and accurate, Their backup communication is really good. I noted a missing species. All through the process, I was kept informed about the progress in correcting the information. I now have the corrected, updated version. 😁 Thanks!
Really useful
Downloaded to give it a try, everything worked perfectly, recorded my first bird watching walk. Very impressed. Have already recommended to friends!
Alice J
Awesome Birding Community
I absolutely love the community aspect of this app. The app is so user friendly and has fun interactive challenges to get you out birding. I’ve tried others but since I’ve started using Birda I’ve not gone back!
Fantastic App
This is a really lovely app, for everyone interested in birds - from newbies to old hands. There is a very friendly feel to the community and you will genuinely learn a lot as you record your sightings and photos. There are lots of badges and competitions to keep you engaged, and a host of really useful features.
Carl B
Helped me to identify more birds
Love this app and has helped me to identify more birds. The challenges and badges are great for keeping the motivation going to get out and keep birding.
Bryan C
Clean and easy to use
Really enjoying this app, it's clean and easy to use. I love the ease of being able to add those one-off birds without starting a whole checklist. I also like the social aspect, like the parts of my Facebook I like, without the ads and junk, just birds. Can't wait to see it become more populated.
Love Birda
I love this app. It really encourages you to log your sightings and the community is friendly and helpful.
As featured in
Birda Logo
AboutPressAmbassadorsAffiliatesInfluencersCareersPrivacyTerms & Conditions
An app for birdwatchers
Connect with us
Copyright © 2024 Chirp Birding. All rights reserved.