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Species Guide
A photo of a Canyon Wren (Catherpes mexicanus)
Canyon Wren

Canyon Wren

Catherpes mexicanus

The Canyon Wren (Catherpes mexicanus) is a diminutive songbird, a member of the wren family Troglodytidae. It is the sole species within the genus Catherpes, a monotypic taxon. This bird is adept at navigating the rocky landscapes it calls home, its plumage a harmonious blend with the arid cliffs it frequents.

Identification Tips

Distinguishable by its rusty coloration, the Canyon Wren has a striking white throat and breast that contrast with its surroundings. Its long bill is an adaptation for probing into crevices, seeking out its invertebrate prey. Subspecies vary slightly in size and coloration, with differences in bill length and the shade of their plumage.


The Canyon Wren is partial to steep, rocky environments, often found in arid landscapes, deep canyons, and rugged terrain. It is not uncommon to see this species utilizing human structures such as buildings, woodpiles, and rock fences, as well as riparian areas for foraging.


This bird is a year-round resident of its range, which extends from southern British Columbia through parts of the United States and into Mexico. Some individuals may engage in short seasonal movements, with winter concentrations noted in the Chihuahuan Desert of southwest Texas.


The Canyon Wren is more often heard than seen, its presence revealed by a cascade of melodious whistles that echo through the canyons. It is a solitary creature, deftly navigating the vertical world it inhabits.

Song & Calls

The bird's song is a distinctive and loud series of descending whistles, a familiar sound echoing through the western canyons, often serving as an auditory beacon to its otherwise cryptic presence.


Nesting within rock crevices, the Canyon Wren constructs a cup-shaped nest from twigs and vegetation. It lays a clutch of 4 to 6 eggs, which are white with speckles of reddish-brown and gray, blending with the rocky substrate.

Diet and Feeding

The diet consists primarily of small insects and spiders. The Canyon Wren uses its elongated bill to extract prey from the narrow crevices of its rocky habitat, with the moisture from its prey providing its hydration needs.

Conservation status

The IUCN Red List categorizes the Canyon Wren as Least Concern, indicating a stable population without significant threats that would warrant a higher degree of conservation action.

Canyon Wren Sounds

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