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Frilled Monarch

Arses telescopthalmus

The frilled monarch (Arses telescopthalmus) is a captivating bird species belonging to the Monarchidae family. This avian wonder is adorned with a distinctive plumage that sets it apart from its kin.

Identification Tips

To identify the frilled monarch, one should look for its characteristic frill, which is a notable feature of this species. The bird's plumage is a key identifier, along with its unique physical attributes that distinguish it from other birds within its habitat.


The frilled monarch is known to inhabit the lush forests of New Guinea and the surrounding smaller islands, where it finds refuge and sustenance.


This species has a range that is primarily restricted to New Guinea and nearby islands. Historically, the frilled monarch's distribution included other members of the genus Arses, considered as subspecies.


Observing the frilled monarch in its natural environment reveals the species' behavioral patterns, which are intrinsic to its survival and daily activities.

Song & Calls

The vocalizations of the frilled monarch, including its song and calls, are a symphony in the forest, providing an auditory clue to its presence.


The breeding habits of the frilled monarch are a fascinating aspect of its life cycle, contributing to the continuation of the species.

Similar Species

While the frilled monarch is unique, there are similar species within its family. These congeners share certain traits with the frilled monarch but also have distinguishing features.

Diet and Feeding

The diet of the frilled monarch, as well as its feeding behavior, are integral to understanding the ecology of this species and its role in the forest ecosystem.

Conservation status

The frilled monarch is currently classified as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List, indicating that the species, at present, does not face an immediate threat of extinction.


There are five recognized subspecies of the frilled monarch, each with its own geographic distribution and sometimes subtle morphological differences:

  • A. t. batantae: Found on Batanta and Waigeo.
  • A. t. telescopthalmus: Inhabits Salawati, Misool, and north-western New Guinea.
  • A. t. aruensis: Resides on the Aru Islands.
  • A. t. harterti: Located in southern New Guinea.
  • A. t. henkei: Spreads across eastern and southern New Guinea.
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More Monarchs

A photo of a White-eared Monarch (Carterornis leucotis)

White-eared Monarch

Carterornis leucotis
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