Birda Logo
Features
Birda+
About
Species Guide
Challenges
Shop
loading...
A photo of a Eastern Barn Owl (Tyto javanica)
Eastern Barn Owl

Eastern Barn Owl

Tyto javanica

The Eastern Barn Owl (Tyto javanica), a creature of the night and sometimes day, is a captivating bird of prey native to Southeast Asia and Australasia. With a heart-shaped face and an ethereal presence, it is a subspecies group within the larger barn owl family, Tytonidae.

Identification Tips

This owl can be identified by its pale, golden-brown plumage, speckled with darker spots. It has a distinctive heart-shaped facial disc, long legs, and powerful talons. The Eastern Barn Owl's underparts are typically lighter, providing excellent camouflage against the night sky during flight.

Habitat

The Eastern Barn Owl thrives in open landscapes such as farmland, grassland, and interspersed woodland, usually below 2,000 meters but occasionally found up to 3,000 meters in tropical regions.

Distribution

This owl is found across the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Australia, and many Pacific Islands. It is generally sedentary, but some populations exhibit migratory or nomadic behavior in response to environmental conditions.

Behaviour

Nocturnal by nature, the Eastern Barn Owl is an expert hunter, using its acute hearing to detect prey in complete darkness. It is known for its silent flight, a result of specialized feathers that reduce turbulence and noise. This owl may also hunt by day in certain Pacific islands.

Song & Calls

The male's call is a high-pitched, tremulous screech, while the female's is lower and harsher. These calls are often heard during courtship and territory establishment.

Breeding

Breeding seasons vary by location, with clutches averaging around four eggs laid in tree hollows, old buildings, or cliff fissures. The female incubates the eggs and, along with the chicks, depends on the male for food.

Similar Species

The Eastern Barn Owl is similar to the Western Barn Owl (Tyto alba), but can be distinguished by its darker plumage and more pronounced speckling.

Diet and Feeding

The diet consists predominantly of small mammals, located by sound. The owl's diet can also include birds, lizards, amphibians, and insects, depending on local availability.

Conservation status

The Eastern Barn Owl is listed in CITES Appendix II, indicating that it is not currently considered threatened, but its trade must be controlled to avoid utilization incompatible with its survival. Habitat modification and provision of nest boxes have proven successful in increasing populations in certain areas.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Eastern Barn Owls on Birda

Photos
Sightings

More Barn Owls

A photo of a Sri Lanka Bay Owl (Phodilus assimilis)

Sri Lanka Bay Owl

Phodilus assimilis
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Erna M
I really like Birda
I really like Birda. I also use other birding apps and have Birda with E-bird going at the same time.
Leonie
We've been waiting for an App like this
Excellent! We've been waiting for an app like this! Thank you! It would be nice if you could assign additional birds to sessions later!
Birdafan
Ideal Birdwatch Companion
Simply adds to the enjoyment of my birdwatching and helps me record what I’ve seen.
SW H
Wonderful App
Birda is my go to app for keeping records of my bird sightings and sessions. It has fantastic information which is great at aiding identification. With all the updates that are coming in the new year, this app is something special.
Chudbond
Love Birda
I love this app. It really encourages you to log your sightings and the community is friendly and helpful.
778
Great bird recording
For a while I’ve been trying to find an app to easily record bird lists and day out and struggled to find one that I like. Birda is great for this, straightforward and a great community!
Madstherangers
A mordern game changer
Birda is an awesome app, its updated the world of birding to the modern day with a fun and easy to use app. It’s engaging and allows positive interaction with fellow bird lovers!
Jane N
A great app
Enjoying it immensely and finding it useful too. Recording the different birds and counting them is showing me how the present climate is affecting them all. I've trebled the numbers by planting native hedging. A great app.
Bryan C
Clean and easy to use
Really enjoying this app, it's clean and easy to use. I love the ease of being able to add those one-off birds without starting a whole checklist. I also like the social aspect, like the parts of my Facebook I like, without the ads and junk, just birds. Can't wait to see it become more populated.
Ellesse_W
Learning Birding with Birda
I’m relatively new to birding as a hobby, and Birda is a great way to keep track off all the species I see. I’m still working on my ID skills, but the app is great for figuring out potential species, and the online community is so friendly and helpful. Definitely recommend Birda to both early and serious birders! 🐦
As featured in
Birda Logo
AboutPressAmbassadorsAffiliatesInfluencersCareersPrivacyTerms & Conditions
An app for birdwatchers
Connect with us
Copyright Β© 2024 Chirp Birding. All rights reserved.