Birda Logo
A photo of a Sarus Crane (Antigone antigone)
Sarus Crane

Sarus Crane

Antigone antigone

The Sarus Crane (Antigone antigone) stands as the tallest of the flying birds, reaching a height of up to 1.8 meters. This majestic bird is nonmigratory and graces the open wetlands of South Asia, the seasonally flooded Dipterocarpus forests of Southeast Asia, and the Eucalyptus-dominated woodlands and grasslands of Australia.

Identification Tips

Adult Sarus Cranes are distinguished by their striking grey plumage, contrasting red head and upper neck, and a greyish crown. Their long, greenish-grey bill is pointed, and in flight, their black wingtips are visible against the grey wings. The juveniles are characterized by a yellowish bill base and a fully feathered brown-grey head.


Sarus Cranes are found in a variety of wetland habitats, including marshes, shallow wetlands, and flooded agricultural fields. They are also known to nest in large, circular platforms of reeds and grasses within shallow water.


The species is distributed across parts of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Australia. The stronghold of the species is in India, where it is traditionally revered and lives in close proximity to humans.


Sarus Cranes are known for their long-lasting pair bonds and territorial nature. They perform elaborate territorial and courtship displays, which include loud trumpeting, leaps, and dance-like movements. They are largely nonmigratory, although some populations do migrate short distances.

Song & Calls

The Sarus Crane's call is a loud, trumpeting sound, produced by the elongated trachea that forms coils within the sternal region. These calls are often part of their unison displays, particularly during the breeding season.


The main breeding season coincides with the rainy season. Pairs build large nests, which are platforms made of reeds and vegetation in wet marshes or paddy fields. The clutch typically consists of one or two chalky white eggs, which are incubated by both sexes for about 31 days.

Similar Species

In Australia, the Sarus Crane can be mistaken for the more widespread Brolga. The Brolga has the red colouring confined to the head and not extending onto the neck.

Diet and Feeding

Sarus Cranes are omnivorous, foraging in shallow water or fields for a diet that includes insects, aquatic plants, fish, frogs, crustaceans, and seeds. They are known to probe in mud with their long bills, especially during the dry season.

Conservation Status

The Sarus Crane is classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Threats to the species include habitat destruction and/or degradation, hunting and collecting, and environmental pollution. Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect this species and its habitat.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Sarus Cranes on Birda


More Cranes

A photo of a Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis)

Sandhill Crane

Antigone canadensis
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Such a great app!
I didn’t think I could enjoy birding more but this app makes it so much better. Some great features and a really great way to share your sightings with your friends or fellow birders nearby or around the world! ❤️
Fantastic App
This is a really lovely app, for everyone interested in birds - from newbies to old hands. There is a very friendly feel to the community and you will genuinely learn a lot as you record your sightings and photos. There are lots of badges and competitions to keep you engaged, and a host of really useful features.
Nick S
Work together with community
Been loving using this app to log my bird sightings and work together with community members to identify different birds. I've already learned a lot since I started about a month ago!
Learning Birding with Birda
I’m relatively new to birding as a hobby, and Birda is a great way to keep track off all the species I see. I’m still working on my ID skills, but the app is great for figuring out potential species, and the online community is so friendly and helpful. Definitely recommend Birda to both early and serious birders! 🐦
Alex J
Friendly and helps to identify birds
Great birding app, good for logging your sightings, also has nice species guide. I'm enjoying the social aspect more than I expected, everyone seems friendly and helps to identify unknown birds. Good mix of newbies and experienced users.
Carl B
Helped me to identify more birds
Love this app and has helped me to identify more birds. The challenges and badges are great for keeping the motivation going to get out and keep birding.
Alice J
Awesome Birding Community
I absolutely love the community aspect of this app. The app is so user friendly and has fun interactive challenges to get you out birding. I’ve tried others but since I’ve started using Birda I’ve not gone back!
Simply fantastic
I love this app, it puts so much fun into recording the birds I’ve seen and heard while I’m out and about. The interface is user-friendly and suitable for all ages. It’s great to collect badges and to review my “lists”.
Unbridled Discoveries
Great app for bird lovers
I love this app! It’s a wonderful way to track birding sessions, and also connect you with fellow birders. I also really like the unidentified bird section, it’s a great community tool to help figure out what a never-before-seen bird is!
Amylia S
Best app for any birding person!
I love this app!! I am so addicted to it when I saw it had 3 star review I was so sad! The app is awesome!! The best app for any birding person! ❤️
As featured in
Connect with nature,
Find your flock
Download Birda - QR Code
© 2024 All rights reserved