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A photo of a White-bellied Bustard (Eupodotis senegalensis), male
White-bellied Bustard, Male

White-bellied Bustard

Eupodotis senegalensis

The White-bellied Bustard, known scientifically as Eupodotis senegalensis, presents a rather modest stature for its family, measuring 48 to 61 centimeters in length. The plumage is a harmonious blend of tawny brown across the back and breast, transitioning to a pristine white on the belly. The legs are a delicate cream color. Juveniles are distinguished by their light brown necks and heads, while adults boast blue-grey necks.

Identification Tips

Adult females can be identified by their grey crowns, a distinctive brown and buff line below the eye, and a sprinkling of black across the throat. Adult males, on the other hand, display a striking black crown, black lines on the white cheeks, a pronounced black throat patch, and a bill tinged with pinkish-red.


This species favors the grasslands and open woodlands that stretch across sub-Saharan Africa.


The White-bellied Bustard is widespread in its range, with a presence from southwestern Mauritania and Guinea, eastward to the Central African Republic, central Sudan, and potentially Eritrea.


Typically observed in pairs or family groups, the White-bellied Bustard exhibits a unique social structure where the young remain with their parents for an extended period, unlike other bustards in the region.

Song & Calls

The vocalizations of this species are particularly robust, especially during the early morning and late evening. Descriptions of its call include a resonant "k'whuka WHUKa, k'wuka WHUKa…" or "k'warrak, k'warrak…"


Five subspecies of the White-bellied Bustard are recognized, each with its own geographical range across the African continent.

Conservation status

The IUCN Red List categorizes the White-bellied Bustard as Least Concern, indicating a stable population without immediate threats to its survival. It is also listed under Appendix II of CITES.

White-bellied Bustard Sounds

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White-bellied Bustards on Birda


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