Birda Logo

Blue-throated Sapphire

Chlorestes eliciae

The Blue-throated Goldentail, known scientifically as Chlorestes eliciae, is a medium-sized hummingbird with a striking appearance. Males are slightly larger than females and exhibit more vibrant colors. The species is characterized by a straight, bright red bill with a black tip, green upperparts with a coppery or golden sheen on the tail feathers, and a glittering blue-violet to violet throat. The belly is a cream-brown buff, and the sides of the breast and flanks are streaked with green. Females have a more violet-blue throat mixed with gray buff, and a paler belly. Immature birds resemble the adult female but with duller colors, particularly in the female juvenile.

Identification Tips

To identify the Blue-throated Goldentail, look for its straight, coral red bill with a black tip, metallic blue-violet throat, and green upperparts that transition to a metallic golden-green tail. The wings are dusky, and the sides and belly are green. The female is paler overall, with more black on the bill and more grey on the throat. Both sexes have dark brown irises and toes.


This hummingbird inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forests. It can also be found in second-growth forests, plantations, semi-open woodlands, gardens, and gallery forests in drier regions.


The Blue-throated Goldentail is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. It ranges from southern Mexico to western Panama, with a few occurrences in northern Chocó in Colombia.


The Blue-throated Goldentail is primarily nectarivorous, feeding on flowers of various shrubs and large herbs, as well as on epiphytes and occasionally small arthropods. It is considered a resident species throughout most of its range and is relatively sedentary, though it may display local wandering during flowering seasons.

Song & Calls

The male's song varies greatly between different leks and consists of a phrase of 5-8 notes, starting with a piercing "tseee," followed by a series of single or double notes or short trills. Calls include a high, buzzy "tzip" or "tzet," with an aggressive note being a sharp, liquid, descending twitter. The wings produce a "whirring" or "humming" sound when flapping.


Little is known about the breeding biology of the Blue-throated Goldentail, but it is suspected to breed during the dry season. Females build cup-shaped nests with plant material and spider web, usually laying two eggs.

Similar Species

The Blue-throated Goldentail can be confused with the Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, which is larger, has a longer rufous tail, a green throat and breast, and a more curved and paler bill. It also resembles the Blue-headed Sapphire, which has a blue crown and sides of the head, a green throat, and a blue tail.

Diet and Feeding

The diet of the Blue-throated Goldentail includes nectar from flowers such as Stachytarpheta, Hamelia, Heliconia, Renealmia, Thalea, Inga, Psidium, Lobelia, and some epiphytes. It also consumes small arthropods in small proportions.

Conservation Status

The Blue-throated Goldentail is classified as Least Concern by the IUCN, indicating that the species is not currently threatened. Its populations occupy a vast range and appear to be increasing.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Blue-throated Sapphires on Birda


More Hummingbirds

A photo of a Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)

Speckled Hummingbird

Adelomyia melanogenys
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Bryan C
Clean and easy to use
Really enjoying this app, it's clean and easy to use. I love the ease of being able to add those one-off birds without starting a whole checklist. I also like the social aspect, like the parts of my Facebook I like, without the ads and junk, just birds. Can't wait to see it become more populated.
Fantastic App
This is a really lovely app, for everyone interested in birds - from newbies to old hands. There is a very friendly feel to the community and you will genuinely learn a lot as you record your sightings and photos. There are lots of badges and competitions to keep you engaged, and a host of really useful features.
Talli A
My favourite app
As a young birdwatcher who was always keen to be apart of a community but never seemed to find one, my problem was solved downloading this!!! Everyone is so friendly and just as excited to see birds as me 😁
Jane N
A great app
Enjoying it immensely and finding it useful too. Recording the different birds and counting them is showing me how the present climate is affecting them all. I've trebled the numbers by planting native hedging. A great app.
Just what birding needs
We need more fun in birding, for years it has had a reputation for being up tight and stuffy and only perused by retirees and anoraks. Birda helps change that perception and firmly brings birding into the 21st century! Fun, interactive while still contributing to science and conservation. If you aren’t on it, why not??
Love Birda
I love this app. It really encourages you to log your sightings and the community is friendly and helpful.
Really useful
Downloaded to give it a try, everything worked perfectly, recorded my first bird watching walk. Very impressed. Have already recommended to friends!
Louise L
Easy to use and accurate
Love this app. It is easy to use and accurate, Their backup communication is really good. I noted a missing species. All through the process, I was kept informed about the progress in correcting the information. I now have the corrected, updated version. 😁 Thanks!
Great app for learning Birds
I’ve been using the app for a couple of months and love it....Someone said it’s like a real life Pokémon Go for birds. They’re not far off! It’s something that the family can do that gets you out and about. Well worth downloading no matter your age.
Fantastic app - Love it!
Love this app and have used it almost daily. Lots of species information and easy to use. Love seeing birds spotted by other users in the UK and worldwide.
As featured in
Connect with nature,
Find your flock
Download Birda - QR Code
© 2024 All rights reserved