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Species Guide
A photo of a Sombre Tit (Poecile lugubris)
Sombre Tit

Sombre Tit

Poecile lugubris

The sombre tit (Poecile lugubris) is a charming member of the tit family, exhibiting a modest plumage that blends seamlessly with the hues of its natural habitat. This bird is recognized by its understated appearance, which is a delightful contrast to the more vibrantly colored members of its family.

Identification Tips

When endeavoring to identify the sombre tit, one should note its relatively subdued coloration, which includes a palette of grays and browns. The bird's size and shape are typical of tits, and keen observers may distinguish it by its specific markings and the nuances of its plumage.


The sombre tit is known to favor thin woodlands, where it thrives at elevations ranging from 1000 to 1600 meters above sea level. Its preference for such habitats is a testament to its adaptability and resilience.


This species graces the landscapes of southeast Europe and southwest Asia, where it has carved out a niche for itself. The sombre tit's presence in these regions is a reminder of the rich avian diversity that our planet harbors.


The sombre tit exhibits a resident behavior within its range, with only slight local movements. It is a cavity-nesting species, demonstrating an impressive versatility by utilizing various natural and artificial structures for its nests.


Breeding season for the sombre tit spans from early April to the end of July or beginning of August. During this time, the bird can be found nesting on mountain slopes and in open deciduous forests, as well as in trees and bushes within rocky terrain and fruit orchards. The species typically produces two clutches per year, each consisting of 4 to 9 eggs.

Diet and Feeding

Insects form the mainstay of the sombre tit's diet, reflecting the bird's role in the ecological balance of its habitat. Its feeding habits contribute to the control of insect populations, showcasing the interconnectedness of life within its ecosystem.

Conservation status

The sombre tit is currently classified as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List, indicating that, for now, this species is not at immediate risk of decline. However, continued monitoring is essential to ensure its ongoing survival and prosperity.

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Sombre Tits on Birda

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Profile picture for Kolja Bodendieck
Kolja Bodendieck
26 May 2024 - 9:30am
Bosnia and Herzegovina

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