Birda Logo
Species Guide
A photo of a Painted Bush Quail (Perdicula erythrorhyncha), male
Painted Bush Quail, Male

Painted Bush Quail

Perdicula erythrorhyncha

The painted bush quail, Perdicula erythrorhyncha, is a small, vibrantly colored bird with a distinctive deep red bill and legs. The male is particularly striking with a black face, white supercilium, and throat, while the female sports a more subdued brick-red underpart and lacks the male's white markings. These birds are typically seen in groups, known as coveys, numbering between 6 to 10 individuals.

Identification Tips

Adults measure between 6.6–7.5 inches in length and weigh approximately 2.4–3.1 ounces. The male's black facial mask bordered by a white band sets it apart from the female, which is characterized by a lack of white throat and head stripe. The subspecies blewitti is smaller and paler than the nominate form, with a narrower frontal black band and a broader white band around it.


The painted bush quail is found in the hill forests of peninsular India, favoring such environments for its home.


This species is endemic to India, with two distinct populations. The nominate subspecies inhabits the Western Ghats south of Pune, the Nilgiris, and other southern hills including the Biligirirangans and Shevaroys. The subspecies blewitti is found in the Satpuras and extends into the northern Eastern Ghats.


These quails are ground-dwelling and exhibit a strong social structure, moving in small groups. When startled, they scatter in various directions, using a series of soft whistles to regroup. Males are monogynous and fiercely territorial, often used by trappers as decoys to capture others. The breeding call of the male is a pleasant, repeated triple note "kirikee-kirikee-kirikee."

Song & Calls

The painted bush quail's alarm call is a liquid note, and they communicate with soft whistles when regrouping. The male's territorial call is a melodious "kirkee..kirkee."


Breeding mainly occurs from December to March. Nests are made on the ground, sometimes lined with grass, at the base of a bush or grass clump. The female lays 4 to 7 eggs and incubates them alone for 16–18 days. Remarkably, chicks are capable of flight at a very young age, and females are known to fiercely defend their brood.

Similar Species

There are no similar species mentioned in the provided content.

Diet and Feeding

The painted bush quail feeds on seeds, grain, and small insects. They are often seen dust-bathing and foraging in open grassy areas or along forest roads during the morning and evening.

Conservation status

The IUCN Red List classifies the painted bush quail as Least Concern, indicating that it currently faces no significant threats to its survival.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Painted Bush Quails on Birda

A map showing the sighting location
Profile picture for Arjun Cheyyur
Arjun Cheyyur
15 Apr 2022 - 8:07am

More Pheasants & Allies

Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Makes you want to spot birds more
I think this app is fun. It makes you want to spot birds more so I guess in a way it encourages you to get out and about instead of sitting in front of the TV.
Paul F
Very good database
Highly recommend. It great that this app shows you male Vs female variations when posting. Very good database I'm really impressed.
Fantastic app - Love it!
Love this app and have used it almost daily. Lots of species information and easy to use. Love seeing birds spotted by other users in the UK and worldwide.
Mike T
Sense of Community
A great app, which is continually being improved. What really comes through is the passion of those behind the app. The sense of community is brilliant, so much help and support provided to new and/or in experienced birders.
Simply fantastic
I love this app, it puts so much fun into recording the birds I’ve seen and heard while I’m out and about. The interface is user-friendly and suitable for all ages. It’s great to collect badges and to review my “lists”.
Fantastic App
This is a really lovely app, for everyone interested in birds - from newbies to old hands. There is a very friendly feel to the community and you will genuinely learn a lot as you record your sightings and photos. There are lots of badges and competitions to keep you engaged, and a host of really useful features.
Bryan C
Clean and easy to use
Really enjoying this app, it's clean and easy to use. I love the ease of being able to add those one-off birds without starting a whole checklist. I also like the social aspect, like the parts of my Facebook I like, without the ads and junk, just birds. Can't wait to see it become more populated.
Dan R
Great app for bird fanatics
Great app for bird fanatics - very user friendly and a perfect place to share sightings.
Recommend for any bird watcher
Very wholesome app: I joined this app with a new interest in watching birds to help me find out what I was spotting. The community is very active in helping identify birds which is great and everyone is very kind so it’s just a nice wholesome community. I would definitely recommend this for any bird spotter 😃
Great app for learning Birds
I’ve been using the app for a couple of months and love it....Someone said it’s like a real life Pokémon Go for birds. They’re not far off! It’s something that the family can do that gets you out and about. Well worth downloading no matter your age.
As featured in
Birda Logo
AboutPressAmbassadorsAffiliatesInfluencersCareersPrivacyTerms & Conditions
An app for birdwatchers
Connect with us
Copyright © 2024 Chirp Birding. All rights reserved.