Birda Logo
A photo of a Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar)
Chukar Partridge

Chukar Partridge

Alectoris chukar

The Chukar Partridge, or simply Chukar, is a robust gamebird of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. It is a rotund bird, measuring 32–35 cm in length, with a light brown back, grey breast, and buff belly. The face is white, adorned with a black gorget, and the flanks are streaked with rufous. Both sexes are similar in appearance, though the female is slightly smaller and lacks the male's spur. The tail feathers number fourteen, with the third primary being the longest.

Identification Tips

To identify the Chukar, look for the distinctive black band that starts at the forehead, runs across the eye, and down the head, forming a necklace-like pattern that encloses a white throat. The legs are red, and the bill is coral red. When comparing with similar species, note the Chukar's browner back and the absence of dark streaks near the breast, which distinguishes it from the red-legged partridge.


The Chukar is native to rocky open hillsides with grass or scattered scrub or cultivation. It is found at various altitudes, from lowlands starting at 400 m below sea level in the Dead Sea area to high altitudes of 2,000 to 4,000 m in eastern areas.


This bird's native range spans across Asia, from eastern Afghanistan to eastern Nepal, and into southeastern Europe. It has been introduced to North America, New Zealand, and other regions where feral populations have established.


Chukars are found in small coveys outside the breeding season and form pairs during summer for breeding. They are known for their pugnacious behavior, with males engaging in calling and fighting. They prefer running to flying when disturbed and have a loud, distinctive call.

Song & Calls

The Chukar's call is a noisy "chuck-chuck-chukar-chukar," from which its name is derived. It has several calls that vary with context, including a "rallying call" used for communication and surveys.


During the breeding season, males exhibit tidbitting displays and may chase females in a courtship ritual. The nest is a ground scrape, and the female lays about 7 to 14 eggs, which hatch in 23–25 days.

Similar Species

The Chukar is similar to the rock partridge but can be differentiated by its browner back and the yellowish tinge to the foreneck. The Barbary partridge has a reddish-brown collar and a chestnut crown, unlike the Chukar's black collar.

Diet and Feeding

Chukars consume a variety of seeds and some insects, and they ingest grit to aid digestion. Their diet can vary depending on their location.

Conservation Status

The Chukar Partridge is classified as Least Concern by the IUCN. Its populations are largely affected by weather patterns during the breeding season, and while it is relatively unaffected by hunting or habitat loss, the release of captive stock can threaten native populations due to potential hybridization.

Chukar Partridge Sounds

Recorded by: © 
App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Chukar Partridge Fun Facts

Did you know?
Chukar Partridge get their name from their unusual call that is said to resemble that of a domestic hen.
Did you know?
The Chukar Partridge is the national bird of Pakistan

Chukar Partridges on Birda


More Pheasants & Allies

Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Louise L
Easy to use and accurate
Love this app. It is easy to use and accurate, Their backup communication is really good. I noted a missing species. All through the process, I was kept informed about the progress in correcting the information. I now have the corrected, updated version. 😁 Thanks!
Carl B
Helped me to identify more birds
Love this app and has helped me to identify more birds. The challenges and badges are great for keeping the motivation going to get out and keep birding.
Robred 2
Fun way to add to your birdwatching experience
I enjoy watching birds in my backyard, but this app helped me really pay attention while on vacation this summer. It was fun to add new birds to my bird watching app.
Alice J
Awesome Birding Community
I absolutely love the community aspect of this app. The app is so user friendly and has fun interactive challenges to get you out birding. I’ve tried others but since I’ve started using Birda I’ve not gone back!
Mike T
Sense of Community
A great app, which is continually being improved. What really comes through is the passion of those behind the app. The sense of community is brilliant, so much help and support provided to new and/or in experienced birders.
Alex J
Friendly and helps to identify birds
Great birding app, good for logging your sightings, also has nice species guide. I'm enjoying the social aspect more than I expected, everyone seems friendly and helps to identify unknown birds. Good mix of newbies and experienced users.
Ideal Birdwatch Companion
Simply adds to the enjoyment of my birdwatching and helps me record what I’ve seen.
David C
Very knowledgeable group
Nice friendly birding community. Very knowledgeable group with a willingness to help.
Wonderful App
Birda is my go to app for keeping records of my bird sightings and sessions. It has fantastic information which is great at aiding identification. With all the updates that are coming in the new year, this app is something special.
Learning Birding with Birda
I’m relatively new to birding as a hobby, and Birda is a great way to keep track off all the species I see. I’m still working on my ID skills, but the app is great for figuring out potential species, and the online community is so friendly and helpful. Definitely recommend Birda to both early and serious birders! 🐦
As featured in
Connect with nature,
Find your flock
Download Birda - QR Code
© 2024 All rights reserved