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Species Guide
A photo of a Swainson's Spurfowl (Pternistis swainsonii)
Swainson's Spurfowl

Swainson's Spurfowl

Pternistis swainsonii

Swainson's spurfowl, also known as Swainson's francolin, is a bird that belongs to the family Phasianidae. It is a native species to the southern regions of Africa. The bird is named in honor of William Swainson, a notable English ornithologist.


The Swainson's spurfowl is found in a variety of habitats, ranging from grasslands to woodlands. These environments provide the necessary cover and food sources for the species.


This bird has a wide range across southern Africa, with sightings confirmed in Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Eswatini, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.


Information on the breeding habits of Swainson's spurfowl includes observations of hatchlings and juveniles in locations such as Kruger National Park and Zambia, indicating active reproduction in these areas.

Diet and Feeding

As with many birds in the Phasianidae family, Swainson's spurfowl have a diet that includes a variety of seeds, insects, and possibly other small invertebrates.

Conservation status

The IUCN Red List has classified Swainson's spurfowl as Least Concern, indicating that, at present, the species does not face any immediate threat of extinction.

Swainson's Spurfowl Sounds

Recorded by: © 
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Swainson's Spurfowl Fun Facts

Did you know?
Swainson's Spurfowl are named after an English ornithologist, William Swainson.

Swainson's Spurfowls on Birda


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