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Species Guide

Buff-breasted Flycatcher

Empidonax fulvifrons

The Buff-breasted Flycatcher, scientifically known as Empidonax fulvifrons, is a diminutive avian insectivore. It holds the distinction of being the most petite member of the Empidonax genus, with its size typically spanning from 11.5 to 13 centimeters, which translates to approximately 4.5 to 5 inches.

Identification Tips

Upon observing this species, one would note the olive gray hue of the upper body, which contrasts with the darker shades present on the wings and tail. A pair of conspicuous white eye rings and white wing bars are easily discernible, along with the bird's small bill and abbreviated tail. The breast, however, is where this flycatcher truly stands out, exhibiting a robust orange-buff wash that is quite distinctive.


The Buff-breasted Flycatcher favors scrub and open woodlands for its breeding grounds.


This species' geographical range stretches from the southeasternmost parts of Arizona in the United States, traversing through Mexico, and reaching as far as southern Honduras.


These birds exhibit partial migratory patterns, retreating from their northern breeding territories in the United States and northern Mexico when winter approaches.

Song & Calls

The Buff-breasted Flycatcher's vocal repertoire includes a song composed of alternating verses, which can be phonetically described as "PIdew, piDEW." Additionally, it emits a loud and dry call that sounds like "pit."


In terms of nesting, these birds typically construct a cup-shaped nest situated within the forks of trees. The female usually lays a clutch of two eggs.

Diet and Feeding

For sustenance, the Buff-breasted Flycatcher often perches openly on a shrub or a low-hanging branch, from which it launches to capture insects mid-flight. It also employs a hovering technique to pluck insects directly from foliage.

Conservation status

The Buff-breasted Flycatcher is currently classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List, indicating that, at present, there are no immediate threats to its population numbers that would warrant a higher level of concern.

Buff-breasted Flycatcher Sounds

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Buff-breasted Flycatchers on Birda


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