Birda Logo

Spotted Woodcreeper

Xiphorhynchus erythropygius

The Spotted Woodcreeper, known scientifically as Xiphorhynchus erythropygius, is a medium-sized bird within the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily of the Furnariidae, or ovenbird family. It boasts a longish, slightly decurved bill that tapers gracefully. Both male and female exhibit similar plumage, characterized by a blend of olive and rufous tones, with distinctive buff spots and streaks adorning their upperparts.

Identification Tips

Adults of the nominate subspecies display a buff supercilium and eyering, with their crown and nape being dark olive to brownish olive, adorned with small buff spots. The back and wing coverts are a brownish olive to tawny brown with buff spots and wide buff streaks. The rump is a dark cinnamon-rufous, and the tail and flight feathers are a rich rufous-chestnut. The throat is buffy with dark olive barring, and the underparts are a pale greenish olive with large buff teardrops.


This species thrives in humid forests, ranging from tropical evergreen forests at lower elevations to evergreen montane forests and cloudforests at higher altitudes. It has a particular affinity for forests with dense moss and epiphyte cover.


The Spotted Woodcreeper is found across a range of countries, including Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its range is discontinuous, with various subspecies occupying specific regions within these countries.


The Spotted Woodcreeper is a permanent resident in its range, known for its solitary foraging habits, although it may occasionally forage in pairs or family groups. It is a regular participant in mixed-species feeding flocks and adeptly navigates the forest by hitching up trunks and spiraling along branches.

Song & Calls

This bird is quite vocal, especially at dawn and dusk. Its song consists of a series of long descending whistles, each at a progressively lower pitch. Calls include a whistled 'wheeeoo' or 'hee-e-e-e-ew', a descending 'jeeu' or 'djeer', and a low 'cut-uck'.


Details on the breeding habits of the "spotted" group of subspecies are not well documented. However, nesting occurs in tree cavities, with a clutch size typically comprising two eggs.

Similar Species

The Spotted Woodcreeper can be confused with the Olive-backed Woodcreeper, but they have been treated as separate species since the mid-20th century.

Diet and Feeding

Its diet is primarily composed of arthropods, supplemented by small vertebrates and some vegetable matter. The bird forages by gleaning bark, probing vine tangles, and following army ant swarms.

Conservation Status

The IUCN has classified both the "northern" and "southern" Spotted Woodcreepers as Least Concern, with populations believed to be decreasing. The species requires continuous or somewhat patchy forest and is moderately sensitive to forest fragmentation and human disturbance.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Spotted Woodcreepers on Birda


More Ovenbirds

A photo of a Austral Canastero (Asthenes anthoides)

Austral Canastero

Asthenes anthoides
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Paul F
Very good database
Highly recommend. It great that this app shows you male Vs female variations when posting. Very good database I'm really impressed.
Really great app
It’s easy to use and it’s fun to log the birds you notice on a walk or just in your garden. There’s a option to record the birds you see in a session which is really nice. Good excuse to stop for a while and just watch birds. I am also enjoying the information part where you can find out fact about birds from all over the world.
Bryan C
Clean and easy to use
Really enjoying this app, it's clean and easy to use. I love the ease of being able to add those one-off birds without starting a whole checklist. I also like the social aspect, like the parts of my Facebook I like, without the ads and junk, just birds. Can't wait to see it become more populated.
Makes you want to spot birds more
I think this app is fun. It makes you want to spot birds more so I guess in a way it encourages you to get out and about instead of sitting in front of the TV.
The best bird logging app
Birda is honestly the best bird logging app I have seen. I love all the features it has from being able to do a session and log all the birds you see in one sitting, to being able to connect with other birders from all over the globe!
Alex J
Friendly and helps to identify birds
Great birding app, good for logging your sightings, also has nice species guide. I'm enjoying the social aspect more than I expected, everyone seems friendly and helps to identify unknown birds. Good mix of newbies and experienced users.
Dan R
Great app for bird fanatics
Great app for bird fanatics - very user friendly and a perfect place to share sightings.
Mike T
Sense of Community
A great app, which is continually being improved. What really comes through is the passion of those behind the app. The sense of community is brilliant, so much help and support provided to new and/or in experienced birders.
Wonderful App
Birda is my go to app for keeping records of my bird sightings and sessions. It has fantastic information which is great at aiding identification. With all the updates that are coming in the new year, this app is something special.
Very Wholesome App
Joined this app with a new interest in watching birds to help me find out what I was spotting. The community is very active in helping identify birds which is great and everyone is very kind so it’s just a nice wholesome community. I would definitely recommend this for any bird spotter 😄
As featured in
Connect with nature,
Find your flock
Download Birda - QR Code
© 2024 All rights reserved