Birda Logo
Species Guide
A photo of a Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus), male
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Male

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker

Picoides tridactylus

The Eurasian three-toed woodpecker, Picoides tridactylus, presents a striking black and white plumage, with the male distinguished by a yellow crown. This medium-sized woodpecker, slightly smaller than its cousin the great spotted woodpecker, measures 21–22 cm in length. It lacks any red feathers, a characteristic feature among many woodpeckers. The wings and rump are black, while the underparts are white with black bars on the flanks. The back is similarly patterned with black bars on a white background, and the tail is black with white outer feathers barred with black.

Identification Tips

When identifying the Eurasian three-toed woodpecker, look for its barred black and white flanks and the absence of red feathers. The male's yellow crown is a key distinguishing feature. Juveniles share this yellow crown, aiding in identification across ages.


This species favors coniferous forests, where it can be found from the lowlands to mountainous regions, including the Alps and the Carpathian Mountains.


The Eurasian three-toed woodpecker has a broad range across the Palearctic, from northern Europe through to Korea, with populations also established in central and southeastern Europe.


These woodpeckers are generally permanent residents, though some northern and high-altitude populations may move to lower elevations or latitudes during winter. They are known to occupy areas with large numbers of insect-infested trees, often appearing after events such as forest fires or flooding.

Song & Calls

The vocalization of the Eurasian three-toed woodpecker can be described as a sharp "kik" or "chik," a call that echoes through their coniferous home.


Breeding takes place in coniferous forests, with nests constructed in cavities of dead conifers, occasionally in live trees or poles. Each year, pairs will excavate a new nest for their offspring.

Diet and Feeding

The diet consists primarily of wood-boring beetle larvae and other insects found on conifers. They may also consume fruit and tree sap, particularly when insects are less abundant.

Conservation status

The Eurasian three-toed woodpecker is currently listed as Least Concern by the IUCN, indicating a stable population without significant immediate threats to its survival.

App logo
Birda is a birdwatching app and community aimed at curious people who want to deepen their connection with nature.

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpeckers on Birda


More Woodpeckers

A photo of a Bay Woodpecker (Blythipicus pyrrhotis) , male

Bay Woodpecker

Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Birda Logo

Your birdwatching journey like never before

Connect with nature in minutes
Take a walk, look out of the window and log the birds that you see. Feel good about those little connections to nature.
Discover the joy of birding
Find new birding spots, see more birds, share and celebrate with a like-minded community of nature lovers.
Play your part in saving nature
Logging your birding sightings and sessions turns into positive action for our planet. Every sighting counts.

Birda Blog

What Our Birders Say
Makes you want to spot birds more
I think this app is fun. It makes you want to spot birds more so I guess in a way it encourages you to get out and about instead of sitting in front of the TV.
Stewart W
Fantastic to be involved
Fantastic to be involved, great for mental health and gets you responding with the Challenges that are to takd part in.
Great App
Great app to use for logging and communicating with others who are interested in birds
Gets me outdoors more
I'm still loving this app. I use it most days & gets me outdoors more. Enjoying watching others progress and photo's, it's improved my wellbeing.... I love this app! I can keep a record of sightings and see what others have seen too.
Birda fan
I really enjoy using Birda, all sightings are recorded and photos can be added. There are monthly challenges which help to get you out to record your sightings. The Birda community are great and are happy to help with unidentified bird sightings. Suitable for all ages and experience!
Dan R
Great app for bird fanatics
Great app for bird fanatics - very user friendly and a perfect place to share sightings.
Really great app
It’s easy to use and it’s fun to log the birds you notice on a walk or just in your garden. There’s a option to record the birds you see in a session which is really nice. Good excuse to stop for a while and just watch birds. I am also enjoying the information part where you can find out fact about birds from all over the world.
Wonderful App
Birda is my go to app for keeping records of my bird sightings and sessions. It has fantastic information which is great at aiding identification. With all the updates that are coming in the new year, this app is something special.
Jake W
Great app
I use this app all the time as it’s quick and easy to log individual sightings or whole birding sessions. It’s an excellent way to meet new people and the forum is full of really friendly people. The challenges are a great way to get involved and learn more about birds. Cannot recommend it enough!
Mike T
Sense of Community
A great app, which is continually being improved. What really comes through is the passion of those behind the app. The sense of community is brilliant, so much help and support provided to new and/or in experienced birders.
As featured in
AboutPressAmbassadorsAffiliatesInfluencersCareersPrivacyTerms & Conditions
An app for birdwatchers
Giving back
Connect with us
Copyright © 2024 Chirp Birding. All rights reserved.